Manali, Himachal Pradesh

Manali, Himachal Pradesh

Manali (Hindi: मनाली)at an altitude of 2,050 m (6,726 ft) in the Beas River Valley is a hill station nestled in the mountains of theIndian state of Himachal Pradesh near the northern end of the Kullu Valley. It is located about 270 km (168 mi) north of the state capital, Shimla. Manali lies in Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh state of India. It has become a tourist spot in recent years.

Manali with a population of approx. 30,000 is administratively a part of the Kullu district. The small town is the beginning of an ancient trade route to Ladakh and from there over the Karakoram Pass on to Yarkand and Khotan in the Tarim Basin.

Courteous – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manali,_Himachal_Pradesh

Climate[edit]

The climate in Manali is predominantly cold during winters, and moderately cool during summers. The temperatures range from 4 °C (39 °F) to 20 °C (68 °F) over the year. The average temperature during summer is between 04 °C (39 °F) and 15 °C (59 °F), and between −15 °C (5 °F) and 05 °C (41 °F) in the winter.

 

[hide]Climate data for Manali
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
11.7
(53.1)
16.1
(61)
21.9
(71.4)
24.9
(76.8)
27.2
(81)
25.9
(78.6)
25.4
(77.7)
25.0
(77)
22.4
(72.3)
18.4
(65.1)
13.8
(56.8)
20.28
(68.5)
Average low °C (°F) −1.7
(28.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
2.4
(36.3)
5.9
(42.6)
8.6
(47.5)
12.4
(54.3)
15.3
(59.5)
14.9
(58.8)
11.2
(52.2)
5.4
(41.7)
1.5
(34.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.4
(41.7)
Rainfall mm (inches) 128.9
(5.075)
124.3
(4.894)
189.6
(7.465)
103.7
(4.083)
82.5
(3.248)
74.3
(2.925)
217.5
(8.563)
205.4
(8.087)
111.9
(4.406)
37.9
(1.492)
31.7
(1.248)
56.1
(2.209)
1,363.8
(53.695)
Source: IMD (1968-2000) [2] 

 

History

In ancient times, the valley was sparsely populated by nomadic hunters known as ‘rakshas’. The next arrivals were the shepherds who arrived from the Kangra Valley and settled to take up agriculture. Some of the earliest inhabitants of the region are the ‘naur’ or ‘nar’, which is a caste unique to the Kullu valley. Only a few naur families are known to exist now. A naur family in the village Soyal near Haripur on the west bank of Manali was famous for the vast land they owned and their practice of having ‘rakshas’ as their labourers.

The British introduced apple trees and trout, The first apple orchard was set up by Britishers near patlikulh which were earlier not native to Manali flora and fauna. It is said that when apple trees were first planted the fruits were so plentiful that often branches, unable to bear the weight, would collapse. To this day, apple—along with plum and pear—remains the best source of income for the majority of its inhabitants.

Tourism in Manali received a boost after the rise of militancy in Kashmir in the late 1980s. This once quiet village was transformed into a bustling town with many hotels and restaurants.[3]

Transport

Air

The nearest airport (IATA code KUU) is at Bhuntar town, situated on NH21 about 50 km (31 mi) south of Manali and 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Kullu town. The airport is also known as Kullu-Manali airport and has more than a kilometre long runway. Indian Airlines and some private airlines have regular flights to the airport. Recently Himalayan Bulls in collaboration with Deccan Charters have started flights on Kullu-Chandigarh-Kullu sector thrice a day http://himalayanbulls.com/ Daily flight service( except Tuesday)has been started by 15May 2013 at Bhunter airport by Air India from Delhi to Bhunter and vice-versa. Chandigarh airport is the nearest international airport.

Road

Manali can be reached from Delhi by national highway NH 1 up to Chandigarh and from there by national highway NH21 that passes through Bilaspur, Sundernagar, Mandi andKullu towns. The road distance from Delhi to Chandigarh is 260 km and from Chandigarh to Manali is 273 km. The total distance from Delhi to Manali thus is 533 km (331 mi).

Rail

Manali is not easily approachable by rail. The nearest broad gauge railheads are at Chandigarh (275 km (171 mi)), Pathankot (325 km (202 mi)) and Kalka (310 km (193 mi)). The nearest narrow gauge railhead is at Joginder Nagar (135 kilometres (84 mi)).

See Bilaspur-Mandi-Leh Railway for the proposed railway line through this area.